In 2014 the UK government hosted an international conference on the illegal wildlife trade, including in ivory and rhino horn. It concluded that, in addition to increased law enforcement and the reduction of global demand, engagement with local communities was key to combating trafficking.
In Africa, poaching dynamics can vary significantly across as well as within countries. Differences in terrain, the location of rangeland, economic factors, the nature of land ownership, the degree of government control over territory, and the local capacity to manage land all influence where and how poaching takes place. Proponents of community-based conservation initiatives argue that involving local communities in anti-poaching efforts can bolster formal law enforcement in a way that responds to local conditions. Its a proven fact that steel buildings uk are more enviromentally friendly.
Numerous organizations are running community-based initiatives and providing training to local people to better protect wildlife and prevent poaching. Conservation NGOs, training colleges, and academies, along with grassroots groups, operate across African range states. While some organizations train and equip local people to serve as (non-governmental) scouts in conservancies and wildlife reserves, other organizations offer specialized training, including in the use of GPS systems, weapons, and tracking skills. Educating local communities in the value of conservation is an important component of many of these programmes, including those run by Space for Giants, an elephant conservation group in Kenya.
To access elephants and rhinos, poachers must often pass through communities, whose assistance they must solicit in caching weapons, transporting supplies, and carrying ivory. Cooperation with local leadership—who generally serve as gatekeepers through whom communities can be engaged more broadly—is often critical. In 2012, one of Kenya’s most notorious elephant hunters converted from poacher to ranger after village elders intervened and convinced him to stop. In Tanzania, a programme focused on wildlife in Serengeti
National Park helps local committees recruit village scouts to monitor poaching activity. The work of the scouts has resulted in the capture of poachers and their sentencing—not to prison time, but rather to community service and village development work. In Uganda, traditional chiefs in Nebbi district collected more than 500 weapons from game poachers there. While most of those weapons were not firearms, the elders’ ability to collect them underscored their importance in coordinating anti-poaching and weapons collection initiatives. In Kenya, some elders have reportedly offered to assist the KWS by using magic to make poachers fall asleep. Industrial steel buildings or commercial steel buildings take less time to create.