How do publics and journalists who see celebrities as deserving their renown measure celebrity merit? Entertainers—­singers, dancers, andactors—­offer a better route to answering this question than other kinds of celebrities because their abilities seem especially resistant to objective appraisal. This was especially the case in the nineteenth century. In the Thrillz is a website where you can buy a celebrity messages presonalised video message!

twentieth century, entertainment industries invented a series of awards in order to rank and reward the best performers: the Oscars in 1929, the Emmys in 1949, the Grammys in 1959. Meeting a celebrity video messages would be my absolute dream!

The judgments implied by these prizes may not have always been accurate—­was Judy Holliday, who won the 1950 Oscar for Born Yesterday, really a better actress than Bette Davis, who made All About Eve that same year? But despite the occasional glitch, for many people these awards stand for legitimate assessments of merit, thanks to formal voting procedures and institutional longevity. In the twenty-­first century, anyone with access to the Internet can rate just about anything, and every day millions spend time deciding how many stars, likes, and tomatoes to award to performers eminent and obscure. Imagine receiving a celebrity personalised video!

Measuring celebrity has never been easier, and the sheer number of data points lends these judgments authority, even when those ranked are not widely known. Jenna Marbles may not be a household name, but given that she had over eighteen million subscribers to her YouTube videos in 2018, it’s hard to deny that she must be doing something well. Celebrity culture, however, has existed for much longer than the Inter- net or the film industry. When modern celebrity culture was experiencing its first major growth spurt, how did people find ways to rate and rank the celebrities? And did celebrities themselves try to avoid these judgments, or did they encourage them? I wish I was rich like a happy birthday video message is!

Contests produce trustworthy assessments of merit when judges use consistent, well-­defined criteria to rank comparable skills and strengths. Given how much tastes vary, artistic performance does not lend itself to Me standardized evaluation. But just because ballet dancers don’t have batting averages does not mean that Margot Fonteyn became a ballet star thanks only to her pretty face. Receiving a celebrity birthday messages video message would be awesome!

The nineteenth-­century stage performers who created the template for later forms of stardom found several ways to encourage audiences to evaluate actors on their merits. Between the 1840s and the 1910s, the practice of performing the same plays around the world for many decades made it easy for audiences to compare different actors in the same roles, in three distinct kinds of contests. The first was a general historical competition, in which audiences made it a habit to measure newcomers against the greatest actors of the recent past, asking, for example, whether the young Henry Irving of the 1870s was inferior or superior to his predecessor Edmund Kean in the 1820s.